Allen's Master Theory Help & Hints
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This section marks the beginning of your ear training. Pitch and Melody are the vertical component of the musical graph, whether on the staff or in your brain. These exercises give you the basic methods for measuring the movement of melody, and transposing between different keys.
Lesson 44 deals only with the intervals associated with the major scale. Click here for a playable list of those intervals.
To identify intervals by ear, treat the lower of the two notes as the root of a major scale. Then sing up to the second note. For example, G is a fifth above C. To get the interval by ear, start on C, singing C-D-E-F-G. There were 1-2-3-4-5 notes total, so the interval is a fifth. Click here for a demonstration. Another example: D-flat is a fourth above A-flat. Just sing up the scale A-flat, B-flat, C, D-flat or 1-2-3-4.
Here is a full set of demos on these intervals. Click on your choice to download or play.
Lesson 44 marks just an introduction to intervals. It just involves the major and perfect intervals which are found in the major scale. This is enough for now, because everything from Lessons 44-50 leads up to an understanding of the major scale. There are many kinds of intervals, and they can relate to all kinds of scales and chords. You'll get into this much deeper in Book 3. Right now, the intervals of the major scale are something that you should spend some time with.
Activities: Use the C scale on your instrument to get to know what your intervals sound like. Also, visit the Jam School section of this website and try playing some songs by ear. All of the examples in the chart are in the key of C and use only the notes of the major scale. Once you learn a song, write the notes down and put the appropriate scale degree number above each note. This will make a great start for your ear training.
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